Proud to report the Minnesota Legislature passed the federal ERA resolution in 2023! 

2023 Minnesota Federal ERA Resolution to Congress (SF 47, HF 197)

BE IT RESOLVED by the Legislature of the State of Minnesota that it urges the Congress of the United States to pass House Resolution 891, resolving that the requirements have been met to ratify the ERA and that it shall now be known as the Twenty-Eighth Amendment to the Constitution.

Chief Authors

Senator Sandy Pappas & Representative Kristin Bahner

Minnesota State Senator Sandy Pappas, SD65

Senator Sandy Pappas

Minnesota SD 65

Chief Author of the 2023 Federal ERA Resolution in the Minnesota Senate

Meet Sen. Pappas

Minnesota State Representative Kristin Bahner, HD34B

Representative Kristin Bahner

Minnesota HD 34B

Chief Author of the 2023 Federal ERA Resolution in the Minnesota House

Meet Rep. Bahner

The Federal Equal Rights Amendment

The Federal ERA is, in fact, ratified. 

The Federal ERA is just 24 words: “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.”

We have completed all the constitutional requirements specified in Article V, making the Equal Rights Amendment the 28th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

So why isn’t it an official amendment yet?

To amend the U.S. Constitution, a bill must pass through both chambers of Congress, then 38 states must ratify the language.

Never in the history of the United States has an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, having completed all requirements set out by Article V of the same constitution, been stopped in its tracks by a technicality—until women’s rights were on the docket.

We won’t stand for it.

To learn more about the federal ERA, visit

Take Action

Join the movement to publish the Equal Rights Amendment!

Save the Date

Show up for ERA on International Women's Day!

Wednesday, March 8, 2023
at the Minnesota State Capitol

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